Having worked in the cotton industry for longer than I want to remember and having talked to so many experts over time, I’ve been able to pick up some of the basics. As I thought about what unique things I can put out here that may help others better understand ag, cotton was obviously one. While I have posted on the crop off and on since I started blogging, I decided to start an organized series of blog posts a couple of years ago and I still find myself adding to them!

I keep a running list of some of the Cotton 101 posts on this page because cotton is such a major part of who I am within my agriculture adventure. Some of the posts are shown below but feel free to check out posts in the cotton categorythe latest posts with the Cotton 101 tag too and if you want to meet people who love cotton (either as a farm or fiber product) check out the Cotton Guest post category!

If you have questions about cotton, feel free to leave comments!

cotton 101 highlights

Although most people think of cotton in it’s final mature state, it’s important to remember that cotton has to grow from seed throughout the season to get to that point. And it’s amazing how often I’ve had folks ask me about something they’ve seen in a field as they were driving by. So, I thought I’d put together some photos here, that will help me reply to hopefully lots of interest in southern fields! So let’s look at cotton plants and fields different times of year. Read more of this post

Red Land Cotton sheetsWhat You Should Know Before Buying Sheets

Cotton 101: Planting Considerations

planting cotton in Texas

Cotton is a warm weather plant and doesn’t like wet feet at all.  That simple sentences guides a lot of planting thoughts for the crop. Like all crops, at planting you want to be sure you have the depth set correctly for the soil type, etc.

Raised Beds for Planting – Depending on the soil types and typical moisture availability, some people will “bed up.” By creating raised beds a farmer can help channel water where they want it. My first cotton farm visit was to Mr. Ray Young’s in Wisner, La. (I blogged about how awesome that visit was for work.)  I was there in the winter and the fields were perfectly in rows for the stale seedbed planting to come. He helped pioneer this version of conservation tillage as the beds would help him keep the seed in moisture but not too wet. Read more of this post

cotton bolls big & smallCotton Bolls — What makes this one so small?

When you look at two really different cotton bolls, what can you tell about them? What do you need to know to grow cotton? Read this post.

Cotton 101: Facts about Cotton — The Crop & Productscotton boll close up

My friend Jasper Cunningham tweeted me one day asking me if I had some cotton facts on my blog. He seemed to enjoy several of the posts in my Cotton 101 series, especially the cotton dictionary, but I realized some quick and easy facts about cotton may be of interest too. Type of Plant Cotton […] Continue Reading

Okay, big disclaimer here. I’m not a cotton expert nor a cotton farmer. I don’t mean to in anyway suggest which variety a given farmer should plant, but I thought some of the folks who don’t plant cotton varieties may be interested in some of the considerations cotton farmers have in selecting varieties to plant on their farm. So this is the sort of thing I’ve heard from farmers or experts. (Please weigh in if you are an expert!) Read more of this post

Cotton 101: Early Season Weather Problems in Mid-South Cotton

msigsby-wilson-ar drought in ArkansasAs I drove up to St. Louis last Sunday, I noticed some field work being done. Some planters running. My guess is the crop going in the ground was soybeans as we are getting too late for cotton and definitely too late for corn in Arkansas & West Tennessee. I noticed the sandbags that have been holding water back for more than a month seems to no longer have a job as water levels began going down.I spent my week in St. Louis working and can’t get over the reports that were coming in from various parts of the Cotton Belt. To say it hurt my heart may sound like I’m overracting, but the photos really do lead to a physical reaction. It is clear there is the potential for a lot of loss. Of course, things can always turn around too and farmers are the optimistic kind. Read more of this post

One of the folks I met through the National Agri-Marketing Association, Robert Ratliff, recently help me connect the dots.

Robert grew up on a cotton farm and had posted the photo to the left on his Facebook page.  The caption on it pointed to a different machine that he used to pick cotton old school. He explained he “remembers ‘Second Picking’ of the cotton crop in November 1970 when he operated a John Deere, Model 22L, one-row cotton picker. Read more of this post

Alicia's first farm trip

So the reality is, I was so excited to finally get Alicia into a cotton field at harvest, that I was giddy. You can hear it at the beginning of this video. (Yes, I resoundingly admit to being an agnerd.) Read more of this post

This is a guest post by my niece Alicia who’s currently working on her masters in education at the University of Memphis (she’s the fourth generation of women in my family to go there!).  I’ve been lucky enough to have her living with me — we both seem to be enjoying it! I so appreciate her willingness to share what she learned her first time out on a working farm on this scale.

I recently had my first experience on a real farm that wasn’t there for tourists.  Janice has worked in cotton since before I can remember and I have always been told how important it and other natural fibers are to our lives.  I went with her to a friend’s farm to see how cotton was picked.  Being from a small town in the South, I am used to fields of crops and farm equipment, however, cotton is not grown near my hometown in North Carolina.  It was quite different from what I am used to seeing.  This was the first time I’ve been in a cotton field and been able to look at the bolls up close. Read more of this post

Top Cotton Blogs You Should be Following

When I tell people I write a bunch of blog posts about cotton, I frequently get a quizzical look or a blank stare. Then when I explain a bit more, that I have worked with cotton farmers for a long time and I enjoy sharing what I’ve learned. Seems some folks wouldn’t think you could […] Continue Reading

Pickers roll and depending on the equipment, there are a couple of different things that happen. As Alicia mentioned the other day, there is equipment called a boll buggy that may be involved, or a module builder or the picker can have an on-board moduling system.

Cotton used to be put into wagons. Someone would get in the wagon/trailer and jump up and down to compress it. The trailers would be taken to the gin and once emptied, it could be refilled. Farmers had multiple trailers but almost nobody could afford enough to keep harvesting non-stop. Read more of this post

Farmers have several choices on how to compact their crop (full size modules, smaller modules or round modules). All of them are made so cotton, once picked, can be temporarily stored and transported to the gin.

Those modules are tagged in the field to identify what farm & field it came from. You frequently see them tagged with a special kind of spray paint but there are also physical paper tags placed on the module that begin identifying that cotton. Read more of this post

Cotton gins. They haven’t changed the basic function since they were invented but I do know they have changed dramatically in size & speed. At the end of the day, all of them involve separating the seed from the lint. The vast majority of gin use a system of saws (think about the type used in a circular saw) pulling lint away from seed and through to a cleaning system. There are some gins that use a system of rollers rather than saws. Read more of this post

With grain crops like corn, soybeans and rice, the seed product is the primary commodity you sell. While that’s an everyday realization to farmers, sometimes consumers like myself have to pause to think about that. Yes, the beans we are eating are seeds as are the kernels of corn we are munching on. Well, cotton definitely differs.

Cottonseed are one of the parts of the cotton boll harvested in the picker and once the gin separates the seed from the lint there are a few options for what to do with it. I’ll walk through a few.  Read more of this post

Okay. Gin Trash. The two words together… gin trash… the number of jokes that you can come up with based on those two simple words… Its unbelievable! BUT this is a Cotton 101 series so I better get back on track.

But let me start by saying the fact that we call it “gin trash” in no way reflects it has the properties of other trash. It’s very much an eco-friendly product of plant parts. And a number of researchers have looked into the potential uses of gin trash. Read more of this post

aka Vocabulary the Way I’ve Heard Cotton Farmers & Other Experts Use It & How It Can Be Misunderstood

If the title and subhead don’t point out this is not an academic endeavor, then let me say it outright. THIS IS NO ACADEMIC DICTIONARY ON COTTON. This is just a simple compilation of words that we use in cotton that may make other people not in the industry shrug their shoulders and say huh? Would appreciate additions, clarifications and questions all! Read more of this post

scanning a barcode for cotton sample

Fiber Quality Testing on Every Bale of US Cotton VIDEO

When I was thinking about doing this, it was letters like Q, X and Z that made me wonder if I could really do it. The video I shot as I showed a friend around Memphis came to mind quickly. Although Steve had worked in cotton for years off and on, seeing how cotton was […] Continue Reading 

close up of cotton boll

Cotton Plant 101: What do a cotton plant, blooms & bolls look like? VIDEO

Last weekend as I drove through the Missouri Bootheel, I saw cotton fields at various stages of development. In fact, I found one field that had a lot of bolls on it and was still blooming too, so it gave me a chance to show a lot of the different stages of growth for cotton. […] Continue Reading


I will continue adding to the posts. If there is a
particular topic of interest, please leave a comment & let me know.

37 Responses to Cotton

  1. chris asaro May 25, 2011 at 12:23 am #

    what on God’s green earth would make u want to promote monsanto….please enlighten me…i know it must have something to do with $$$ because nobody would want to promote the devil for free! sorry, no disrepect but i have avery good idea what monsanto is all about!!!

    • JPlovesCOTTON May 25, 2011 at 7:41 am #

      I am proud to work with farmers and spend significant time each week talking to the men & women who help provide the food my family & others eat. My gettting into this career has driven by working with incredible people doing terrific things.

      I have worked in agricultural communications for decades and joined Monsanto a few years ago. I have seen first-hand that many farmers have benefitted from the company’s work in biotech. If you would like to discuss other things, I hope you will respect that I may also know what the company is all about. But it appears we disagree on what we know & believe.

  2. Brian January 5, 2012 at 10:25 pm #

    I have a couple questions. Why do people seem to think Monsanto is the only company that sells GE seed? Why do they think a farmer like me is a slave to such a company? I can cease my use of these products by simply not buying them should I choose to do so. Why is my farm seen as not sustainable? Is it because we have 2300 acres and large tractors? Is it because we just invested in a larger planter this year to cover ground more quickly, use less seed, cause less compaction, and use less fuel? Is it because we are moving towards more no-till acres and will likely be planting cover crops in the near future?

    • Janice aka JPlovesCOTTON January 6, 2012 at 6:56 pm #

      Well, I bet you have as many answers as I do! And I bet I have just as many questions as you! Only way to find answers is to keep having the conversations one at a time. We will get there FOR SURE! 🙂

    • John WArd June 18, 2015 at 11:14 am #

      I know they are not the only one to sell GE seed. I don’t believe a company should be able to own the ability to keep you from collecting seed and replanting — Should I be able to repair my 1960’s blender and reuse it? I have, and I do. This is more of an issue for locations were food is being grown by poor farmers for poor local people. Yes, you can plant your 2300 acres with all the GE seed you want, but you have to rely on a large companies, using thousands of acres of land, to supply you with seed with decreasing profit margins, that push you to ever larger plots of land, fewer workers per acre, larger equipment, that push you into bank loans, relying upon profit margins and scale to pay the interest and make a profit, rather than actual sales to the consumer. This makes it extremely difficult for small scale, local, farmers — everyone should be growing food and necessities — not just a few large farms enslaved to an economic system that is not sustainable. Ownership of local farms have been lost over this system that is pushed by all the GE companies. I’m glad you can make a profit, but it doesn’t make the economy of GE, seed controlled, owned, and dare I say, enslaved, by a few companies a good thing. It just means you don’t understand the long term consequences — the elimination of the 40 acre farm (which at one time could sustain a family), the elimination of the middle class, the elimination of the freedom of food — you have to plant one of a few crops that will work with the economy you are enslaved too. You can’t run a small farm. You have to go big, or lose it all. The system has enslaved you and me.

  3. Ky'a May 10, 2014 at 10:13 pm #

    Janice – I will be visiting Charlotte, NC in July and would like very much to visit a cotton farm but I know they are all private. Can you help connect me with someone who wouldn’t mind if I stand in their cotton field and take photos of myself in one? I have, for a very long time, wanted to be on a cotton field to have my “moment” to remember all my ancestors who worked fields. It would mean so very much to me if I could do this. I would also like to buy some raw cotton to take back home with me. I am hoping SOMEONE will allow me to do this.

    • Janice Person May 14, 2014 at 10:19 pm #

      I’m not sure how to go about that but will see if I can come across someone. You may also want to reach out to the National Cotton Council via as they know farmers across the US and may know of someone in the Charlotte area.

  4. Martha wiseman January 25, 2015 at 7:11 pm #

    I picked cotton from the field and want to plant the seeds will they grow

  5. Edwina Johnson March 14, 2015 at 4:52 pm #

    Do farmers get paid per pound? If so, how much? Thanks

  6. James June 10, 2015 at 7:15 am #

    Thank you for informative article. I have learned a lot concerning Cotton. Where can i get good seeds for planting?

    • Eddie Shuck Jr. May 5, 2016 at 8:30 am #

      I ordered cotton seeds from they have several varieties to choose from. The seeds come in the bolls so you have to pull the cotton away to get to them. I planted one a few months ago and have several buds popping up on it. It’s very exciting.

  7. Ann May 3, 2016 at 12:39 pm #

    I teach 5th grade and I cover the Civil War. As part of our hands-on learning experience, I am having my students grow cotton. However, I would like some suggestions on what I can do with this cotton once it is grown so I can continue this activity for years to come. My plan is to begin growing it before summer break so the next class at the beginning of the next year can reap the benefits of the prior year. Can you recommend anything that would be age appropriate for me to do with the cotton with 5th graders so they could experience what it was like handling cotton in Civil War days?

  8. Nancy Reid August 16, 2016 at 8:46 pm #

    What is lofted cotton? Thank you.

    • Janice Person August 18, 2016 at 4:54 pm #

      Thanks Nancy for coming by & asking about cotton! Lofted cotton is the stuff used in comforters and blankets. It is produced by taking cotton fibers and making really light interlocked layers that will provide insulation. Hope that helps!

      • Lainie August 23, 2016 at 5:11 pm #

        I wanted to find out how often cotton is harvested each year and came upon your informative and easy to read site. For many, many decades, my husband and I would drive past cotton fields on our way to vacation in South Carolina (from Canada) and it has always fascinated me. We came down twice a year; Spring and Fall. Sadly, my husband is gone now but I keep a small vase of some cotton branches near me to remind me of all the wonderful times we had in your great country. Thank you for your site.

      • Janice Person August 23, 2016 at 9:17 pm #

        So glad it brought you some good memories…. I hope you saw some of the video, etc. Cotton usually gets picked once but sometimes cotton pickers go across the field a second time.


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